IBM's AI System, Project Debater, Debates Expert Debaters

by Tech Mainstream Staff


June 18, 2018


IBM's AI System, Project Debate, Debates Champion Debater


At IBM’s Watson West site in San Francisco, Project Debater, "the first AI system that can debate humans on complex topics", recently debated 2016 Israeli national debate champion, Noa Ovadia. Each debater presented a four-minute opening statement, a four-minute rebuttal, and a two-minute summary arguing for or against the topic, "We should subsidize space exploration.”

Project Debater was started at IBM’s Haifa, Israel research lab six years ago. The ability of Project Debater to actively engage in a discussion with humans, occurred only two years ago. Three AI capabilities were used in developing Project Debater:

"First, data-driven speech writing and delivery; second, listening comprehension that can identify key claims hidden within long continuous spoken language; and third, modelling human dilemmas in a unique knowledge graph to enable principled arguments (read more about the technical details in the 30+ published papers with access to the training data sets here)."

Project Debater started off the debate with an opening argument that space exploration helps advance scientific discoveries and improves young people's chances to dream big when considering a big universe- despite the fact that Project Debater never trained on the suggested controversial topics. Project Debater is somewhat of a AI pioneer in the area of free-form debate: "AI can meaningfully engage in full debates on complex topics."

Noa Ovadia's eloquent arguments included statements concluding that scientific research here on Earth was more important and vital than investing in space exploration activities. Government subsidies therefore would be more instrumental for this purpose.

Project Debater convincingly produced "a rebuttal speech, countering with the view that potential technological and economic benefits from space exploration outweigh other government spending."

A second debate involved Project Debater and skilled Israeli debate expert, Dan Zafrir concerning "we should increase the use of telemedicine.” Both debates demonstrate, for the most part, a previously unachieved aspect of AI, mastering language, an obvious challenge for humans and yet another subject of debate.

 

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Source: https://www.arduino.cc/en/Guide/Introduction/

Augmented Reality is an enhanced version of reality where live direct or indirect views of physical real-world environments are augmented with superimposed computer-generated images over a user’s view of the real-world, thus enhancing one’s current perception of reality.

Source: https://www.realitytechnologies.com/ augmented-reality/

Chatbot is a piece of software that interacts with users in a conversational way.

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Deep Learning is a new area of Machine Learning research, which has been introduced with the objective of moving Machine Learning closer to one of its original goals: Artificial Intelligence.

Source: http://deeplearning.net/


DevOps is a set of software development practices that combines software development (Dev) and information technology operations (Ops) to shorten the systems development life cycle while delivering features, fixes, and updates frequently in close alignment with business objectives. Different disciplines collaborate, making quality everyone's job.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DevOps


Docker is a tool designed to make it easier to create, deploy, and run applications by using containers. Containers allow a developer to package up an application with all of the parts it needs, such as libraries and other dependencies, and ship it all out as one package.

Source: https://opensource.com/resources/what-docker


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Source: https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/architecture/foghorn-edge-to-edge-communication-and-deep-learning/


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Source: https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/overview/what-is-hybrid-cloud-computing/


Kubernetes (k8s) is an open-source system for automating deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications.

Source: https://kubernetes.io/blog/



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